The cry of a female cat in season may be loud and may sound pitiful – heart-rending, even – but your pet is not actually in pain. Her calls are simply a vocal way of letting male cats know that she is ready to mate with them. When the female cat, or queen, comes into season, she makes a number of signals, all designed to attract males. She paces up and down, urinates frequently to leave her scent behind, and calls, or cries out, in order to lure a mate to her.
Wring a female cat’s breeding season, which extends from late winter to autumn, there are peaks when her cycles are noticeable.
Unless you wish to breed from your cat, the long-term solution is to have her spayed. A vet may be able to stop her if she is currently calling by inducing ovulation, which takes place in a cat after mating.
Female cats usually have two or three peaks of sexual receptivity in early spring, early summer, and sometimes also in late summer.
The female does not release an egg from her ovaries unless she has mated. This ensures that the egg is not discharged until sperms are definitely present, making fertilization much more likely.
Her cycle of sexual activity, which is known as an oestrous cycle, begins with a preparatory stage known as pro oestrous.
A cat is likely to be more affectionate than usual and may also rub against the furniture and roll on the floor.
After a few days of this behaviour, she will enter the stage of oestrus, or sexual receptivity, during which she will be ready to mate. The previous signs are now intensified and the cat may emit an imperious howling sound, known as the `call’. This is particularly loud and frantic in the Siamese cat. For this reason, oestrous is often referred to as ‘calling’, or ‘being on call’.
When the cat is stroked, she is likely to adopt the mating posture which she normally takes up in the presence of a tomcat, with forelimbs lowered and hindquarters raised invitingly in the air, with hind legs ‘pedalling’ an invisible bicycle. She may also become restless and show an unusual inclination to go out. The oestrous period lasts from two to four days and occurs at approximately two- to three-week intervals.
- If you’re thinking of breeding your female, when she starts to call telephone the breeder and arrange to deliver her.
- Female cats reach sexual maturity between 7 and 12 months, as opposed to males which reach it between 10 and 14 months.
- The queen’s cycles are seasonal and are governed by the amount of daylight. Cats that are kept indoors with artificial lighting may not have the period of sexual inactivity normally experienced by cats.